Championing sexual and reproductive rights


In 1947, when India became independent, fertility was high with couples averaging six children. Public health facilities were minimal and life expectancy was 40 years. With a burgeoning 344 million population, with too soon and too many children detrimental to woman's health, it was a group of concerned women who addressed this issue. This evolved in establishing the Family Planning Association of India in 1949.

The year 1952 was significant. Family Planning Association of India (FPA India) was instrumental in advocating for family planning to be introduced in the country’s First Five Year Plan (1952), becoming the first country globally to have a family planning programme. FPA India hosted the Third International Conference on Planned Parenthood in Bombay (Mumbai) where the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) was born with the Family Planning Association of India as the Founder Member. Also, FPA India started the first IPPF family planning clinic in Mumbai to provide family planning services.

Since then, FPA India has grown, each decade marked by pioneering work:


All people empowered to enjoy their Sexual and Reproductive Health choices & rights in an India free from stigma & discrimination


Currently we continue to be a premier civil society organisation, having presence in 18 states/UTs includes New Delhi, Kashmir, Nagaland, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, where key developmental indicators are relatively poor, and gender disparities are high.

Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services are provided through 44 Branches/Projects, with 41 static clinics and outreach programmes. Over 3,000 policy level volunteers and 1,000 FPA India staff receive support from over one lakh community members of local volunteer groups including Self Help Groups.

A holistic approach in programme implementation is adopted by:
  • • Building capacities - includes horning in technical skills as well as management techniques
  • • Developing strong partnerships with governmental as well as non-governmental organisations, and
  • • Providing quality services at all service delivery points

Advocating for rights

We relentlessly advocate for realising the health rights of people, especially the poor and vulnerable with key stakeholders. Sexual rights are human rights. Through strategic partnerships and coalitions we bring in policy level changes.

Areas for advocacy are:
  • • Universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services, including family planning
  • • Expanding contraceptive choices
  • • Ensuring the provision of safe abortions
  • • Ending child marriages
  • • Reducing maternal mortality
  • • Gender equality and women’s empowerment
  • • Engaging men in SRH
  • • Inclusion of sexual and reproductive health education in schools
  • • Elimination of Sexual and Gender Based Violence
  • • Increasing budget outlays for SRH and family planning


A Voluntary commitment to SRHR : ADVOCATE for and ENABLE gender equality and empowerment for all including poor and vulnerable people, ENSURE information, education and services; POWERED by knowledge, innovation and technology, towards sustainable development.

Strategic allies include women's groups, development groups, health workers' associations, enforcement authorities and influential people at the community level. Equally, we have strengthened linkages, media and involvement of civil society organisations at the community level.

For the young and aspirational

Young people (10-24 years) form a special group as lifestyle developed at this age is critical to their sexual and reproductive wellbeing in later years.

The focus is on providing correct information related to sexuality and reproduction and enhancing knowledge through 7 topics well-designed, age and culture sensitive modules. Sexuality education programmes are conducted in-school as well as in out-of-school settings.

Youth-friendly centers and clinics are set up for providing a conducive environment for free-flowing discussions and for providing services, including specialized counselling.

Annually, around 80,000 young people are educated on these aspects, while nearly half of our clients who are provided with SRH services are young people.

Towards universal access to services – paediatric to geriatric

Services are provided to all individuals irrespective of their age, gender identity/orientation, social or economic status - in an environment free from stigma and discrimination.

On an average annually, we provide over 10 million services to over 16 lakh clients. The majority (88%) of the clients are poor and vulnerable, therefore, we provide affordable/free services.

Currently, we have 40 static clinics, 17 Satellite Clinics, 21 Urban Welfare Centres (government funded), 62 Outreach units, with additional support from to 432 CBDs and 115 private practitioners, 40 Associated Clinics and 32 other agencies at the community level who were identified and trained by FPA India. Most of these service delivery points are at remote areas where health care services are either negligible or absent.

All branches are recognised Voluntary Counselling and Testing centres for HIV.


Gender & Rights

We address the inextricable issues related to Gender and Rights through various approaches – community participation, networking with NGOs and advocating with Panchayati Raj members and other influential groups, communities are supported to access SRH information and services. Efforts are made to reduce stigma and discrimination towards People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and key population groups, particularly with transgender people, PLHIV, Men having Sex with Men (MSM) and sex workers.

    We focus our efforts on:
  • • Skilling and economic enhancement
  • • Reducing gender based violence
  • • Challenging and changing gender norms, roles and responsibilities


We contribute towards attaining the Sustainable Development Goals especially goal 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 16 and 17.

Within the country, we also contribute to:
  • • Reducing maternal mortality and morbidities by providing maternal care, contraceptives and abortion services
  • • Reducing infant mortality and morbidities by providing immunisation and treatment for other life-threatening illnesses
  • • Addressing unwanted, unplanned, mistimed pregnancies by increasing contraceptive use for family planning and HIV/STI prevention and for population stabilisation
  • • Reducing Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and HIV by providing information and related services
  • • Reducing gender based violence
  • • Increasing provider base, 7 clinics are recognised by the Government of India as training centres for conducting safe abortion and laparoscopic sterilisation procedures
  • • Empowering vulnerable people to move towards economic self-reliance and empowerment

Bajaj Bhawan, Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400 021

Tel : +91 22 2202 9080 / 4086 3101
Fax : +91 22 4086 3201 / 3202
Email : fpai@fpaindia.org
Website : www.fpaindia.org